GLOSSARY G-L

grand mal — tonic-clonic seizures; a type of generalized seizure that affects the entire brain and causes massive muscular spasmic convulsions (See also seizures.)
hemolytic — that which causes hemolysis, dissolution of red blood cells
hemorrhagic — pertaining to bleeding or the abnormal flow of blood
hemotoxic — capacity of a toxin to destroy red blood cells, disrupt blood clotting and/or cause organ degeneration and generalized tissue damage
histamine — an organic nitrogen compound that is released during allergic reactions that triggers an inflammatory response. It also regulates other physiological responses and acts as a neurotransmitter.
histaminoid — similar to histamine
histotoxic — causes tissue damage
hyperesthesia — increased sensitivity to stimulation, particularly to touch
hyperoxia — excess oxygen or higher than normal partial pressure of oxygen
hypoesthesia — abnormally decreased sensitivity to touch
hypotension — excessively low arterial blood pressure; causes include blood loss, infection, poisoning, heart failure, neurological injury, endocrine disorders and medications
hypovolemic — a state of decreased blood volume
hypoxemia — inadequate oxygen content in the arterial blood
hypoxia — inadequate oxygen content
incontinence — absence of voluntary control of an excretory function, especially defecation or urination
inert — having little or no tendency to react chemically
inflammation — redness, swelling, pain or a feeling of heat in an area of the body; a protective reaction to injury, disease or irritation of the tissues
intercostal muscles — the muscles between the ribs that contract during inspiration to increase the volume of the chest cavity
interneurons — neurons that process signals from one or more sensory neurons and relay signals to motor neurons (i.e., connector neurons)
intervertebral — situated between two contiguous vertebrae
intracerebral — occurring or situated within the brain
iodoform gauze — sterile gauze treated with an antiseptic
ischemic — a decrease in the blood supply to a bodily organ, tissue or part caused by constriction or obstruction of the blood vessels
isothermal — of, relating to or indicating equal or constant temperatures
jaundice — a yellow color of the skin, mucus membranes or eyes
laceration — a jagged wound or cut
larynx — the organ of voice production, also known as the voice box; the opening from the back of the throat into the trachea (windpipe)
lethargy — the quality or state of being lazy, sluggish or indifferent
lingual — relating to or resembling the tongue
localized — restricted to the site of origin, without evidence of spread
lpm — liters per minute; a measurement of a flow rate of gas or liquid
lymphatic — pertaining to, containing or conveying lymph

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